The government of New France was headed by a governorgovernor: an appointed representative of the Crown sent to govern a colony. who was responsible to the King. The governor took advice from a Sovereign Council which consisted of the intendant,intendant: an important administrative official in New France, responsible for finance, justice and police in the colony. Jean Talon was the first. the bishop and a number of high ranking seigneursseigneur: a landowner in New France whose estates were originally granted by the King of France. He also administered justice within his seigneury. and clergy appointed by the governor. The Sovereign Council was both a lawmaking body and a court for criminal and civilcivil law: law that deals with private rights (property and the individual), as opposed to "criminal" law which involves crimes against the community. French civil law is written down, or statute law, as opposed to common law. cases which had been referred from lower courts. Although the governor was the royal representative, the day-to-day affairs of the colony were run by the intendant. The first and most famous intendant was Jean Talon.